Shotgun patterns by distance

Learn What Distance Should Be Used To Pattern A Shotgun

Therefore, the recommended distance for patterning a shotgun is 40 yards. However, as I shall explain below, when patterning a shotgun, try and shoot from different distances. Ideally, you should begin shooting from the 25-yard range and work your way to 40 yards. What To Use To Pattern A Shotgun Pattern on the target is clearly the only thing that counts. The problem is that everyone's target is at a different distance, so forty yards was selected to provide a basis for common comparison. Forty yards was selected because it was considered the maximum practical killing distance for a shotgun back in the late 1800s when choke was invented As the shooting distance grows, it's widely advised that you select longer barrels for your shotguns: 30 inches, 32 inches, 34 inches, Keep in mind that long barrels usually tighten the spread patterns of the shells so the hit probability might suffer From http://randywakeman.com: A graphic comparison of shot pattern diameters using 1-1/8 oz. lead #7-1/2 shot at 30, 40, 50 and 60 yards by choke designation..

You need to look for the average pattern that will satisfy you. Remember the distance to be used to pattern a shotgun; the accepted standard is 40 yards. However, some people would recommend 35 yards depending on you. But if you are a beginner, it's best to follow the standard Pattern Percentages Distance in Yards The classic rule of thumb is roughly a 10% loss in pattern percentage for every five yards of additional range beyond the industry standard 40 yards. It isn' Shotgun patterns are measured at 40 yards for all gauges, except.410 bore..410's are patterned at 30 yards. Patterning is a simple process, but time consuming due to all the counting required. Here is the correct way to pattern a shotgun 7 ½, 8, & 9 Shot Maximum Distance, Angle, And Height of Travel . Exteri or Bal I isfics Cal c u lator Vercion 4.02 BETA YERSTOA/ Shotsfi el I F I at Traj ectory I. CARTNDGE DATA Shell fdentification: 12na. 23/t inch #7 1 12 Shot Shot Weight 1.1250 ounces Shot Material: Lead -TzP/o S Federal 12 Gauge 3-Inch Shell, 5-6-7-Shot, 1250 Velocity, Shot At 25 Feet. This is an interesting load that mixes #5, 6, and 7 shot into one shell. It's primarily advertised to turkey hunters, and it's best for open-field hunting where shot distance can be hard to estimate. They are usually loaded into larger shells of three inches

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The first time I patterned my shotgun, I was surprised by how far off the pattern was from what I had seen in the gun shop. Not only was the pattern spread, but it was also elongated. That is to be expected for a shotgun the same way it is for a rifle or handgun. The distance at which we shoot our shotguns should be between 10 and 15 yards test conducted by firearm examiners is known as Shotgun Pattern Testing. This test involves shotguns and allows for a muzzle-to-target distance to be determined

Pattern Distance Shotgun Report

Shotguns are traditionally patterned at 40 yards (.410s were patterned at 25, reflecting their poor ballistics and small shot payloads), most likely because 40 yards used to be maximum range of a.. For example, if you have a turkey shotgun patterning tight at 50 yards, and you take a shot at a bird at only 10 yards, you're now shooting a super tight pattern at that distance. As such, any deviation left, right, up, or down could mean a drastic reduction in the number of pellets hitting the bird Using a shotgun effectively requires that you know how it works in all scenarios. Clint Smith, President and Director of the world-class Thunder Ranch traini.. So 00 buckshot which has a pellet weight of about 54 grains has an effective penetration maximum range of 54 yards, #1 buckshot with a pellet weight of about 40 grains has an effective penetration maximum range of 40 yards, Etc

How Far Can A Shotgun Shoot: The Complete Breakdow

Shotgun Pattern Diameter Comparison: 30-60 Yards - YouTub

Whether your shotgun is for shooting clay games, hunting or even home defense, it's important to make sure that the choke and shells you've chosen for it are working the way you want them to.The process of doing that is called patterning or testing shotgun patterns, and it's relatively simple to do (although some of the steps are a little different depending on what type of shotgun you have) A pattern plate allows you to see where your shot is placed in relation to your barrel. It should be shot from 16 yards if looking at gun fit, as there is a ratio of how much to move the stock to adjust the placement of the pattern. Its other use is to test gun, cartridge and choke combinations. This can be done at any distance Second - 00-Buck continues to impress me with its power and shot pattern. As long as the shooter does their part - the shotgun filled with 00-Buck will do its part. I honestly expected the group size of the pellets to be much larger at 25 yards. Third - The Winchester PDX1 Defender is an interesting concept - but overpriced in my book.

What Distance Should be Used to Pattern a Shotgun?ShotgunworldIt isn’t your grandpa’s old 12-gauge pump, that’s for sure

what distance should be used to pattern a shotgun

I shot four different typres of 00 Buck through the 14″ benelli at a distance of 30 feet. There was a tremendous variation. The Remington 00 Buck shot a pattern about 10″ in diameter. The Speer Low Recoil 00 Buck shot a pattern about 6″ in diameter. The Federal 00 Buck shot a pattern about 7″ in diamete How to Pattern A Shotgun (And From What Distance) March 12, 2019 By GunnersDen Leave a Comment. Choke is very roughly determined by shotgun manufacturers for all standard bore 10 gauge, 12 gauge, 16 gauge and 20 gauge shotguns by their pattern or the amount of shot they deliver within a 30″ diameter circle at 40 yards To properly pattern a shotgun, you need to first decide your goal. The common standard to identify a choke performance is the number of pellets in a 30 inch circle at 40 yards. However many individuals like to evaluate the pattern at the distance that they intend to shoot at Shotgun patterns are counted inside a 30-inch circle for a reason. Thirty inches is about the maximum useful spread of a pattern. Mispoint by more than 15 inches, and you might get lucky with a.

Shotgun Pattern Loss by Rang

  1. Each shotgun will vary in this respect. Shot roundness and hardness also is a factor, as deformed pellets tend to spread more and too many deformed fliers can significantly erode pattern quality. A good quality pattern is evenly spaced in its central strike zone. Poor quality patterns will show gaps and pellet concentrations on the patterning.
  2. Clay target loads of 1 1/8th ounce / 32gr with higher % of antimonium #7 1/2 or #8 lead shot, often pattern tighter than 1 1/8th ounce / 32gr field loads of same number but with softer lead shot. Steel and Tungsten shot typically patterns tighter than lead shot. In both cases this is because the steel or tungsten is harde
  3. The exit end of the choke is smaller by some dimension than the actual bore of the barrel. Chokes tighten the pattern and enable you to shoot on further distances which is useful for trap or hunting. It is recommended to use Cylinder or Imroved Cylinder for home defense. Shotgun chokes used for slugs are usually Cylinder or Imroved Cylinder too

1. Trap targets rise and shot strings fall. As such I see no reason to have any pellets below the POI at the target breaking distance. 2. Most FCs will produce about a 22 -24 inch sure kill pattern at 35-40 yards. 3. To get this kill pattern above the POI at 40 yards means you have to get the bottom of the pattern about 12 inchs above the POA will do pattern-testing as well as your POI investigations. If you count holes by hand you can use Kraft paper but if you want to use the pattern analysis software from Dr. Andrew Jones, Shotgun-Insight ®, you will need white paper. A 150-foot roll of white banner paper, item number 11501-1224 from Dick Blick.com will last a long time and can b The six lines show different spread widths (i.e. patterns from different chokes) and how their densities vary versus distance from the centre of the pattern. The 75% spread figure is the number generated by the Shotgun-Insight software. The 27 75% pattern is close to that thrown by my skeet gun at 21yds Second - 00-Buck continues to impress me with its power and shot pattern. As long as the shooter does their part - the shotgun filled with 00-Buck will do its part. I honestly expected the group size of the pellets to be much larger at 25 yards. Third - The Winchester PDX1 Defender is an interesting concept - but overpriced in my book. The longer the distance, logic dictates the wider the pattern giving you a better chance to hit the target. But what you're not taking into account are the laws of physics. Smaller shot (which tends to be used for close shots of 16-20 yards) lacks the energy (momentum) to give you accuracy at longer range

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The pattern is — you're accountable for every single round in that pattern onto a man-sized target, easily. And either [load is still meeting] the FBI standards. Out to 50, you are still lethal, you're still getting the majority of the pellets onto someone, if that's what you're shooting at, but you're starting to lose ones off of. A pattern on a piece of paper shows only the spread of the pattern, not the length of its shot string. That said, shot strings with hard, round steel pellets are fairly short. Shot stringing, or the lengthening of the shot column, therefore becomes a factor only when you take long, 90-degree crossing shots that cause some pellets to arrive. Guns differ in make, the choke of the shotgun, size of the shot, and of course the brand of the shot shells add to this. In order to excel as a hunter or as a gunman, you need to know your pellet pattern well. A basic question arises as to what Distance should be used to Pattern a Shotgun gunshot wounds - smooth bore weapons. Film poster by Dimitri Sinakis via Reelizer.com. Wounds created by shotguns are much larger than those created by handguns, and vary from massive disruption of the skull and its contents during a contact discharge to the head, or to a widespread pattern of pellet holes when fired at a distance. This section will describe the patterns of wounds seen at. Shot pattern generally expands 1 inch every yard. 12.5 is the standard free recoil energy for the 12-gauge. Seven yards is the standard assumed distance in interpersonal firearms combat. A seven-inch hole at that range means that you can miss your target or its vitals if you don't aim. Remember that seven inches is an average for all.

Let's say you do a lot of wingshooting. Start by shooting paper at 20 yards and then back off from the pattern board in 5-yard increments, shooting patterns at each distance. When the percentage of shot inside the 30-inch circle drops below 65 percent, you have exceeded the maximum range for that particular combination I will restrict my answer to practical ranges for wingshooting. Grouse (walk-up, not driven) or quail are generally shot at close range because they get into cover quickly. With grouse, most of my shots are closer than 30 yds, mostly in the 20 yd. If you're looking to learn more about shotgun chokes and wish to equip yourself with the knowledge to select chokes suited to the different situations you're likely to encounter in the field then read on. What are Shotgun Chokes? Ask this question to 10 different shooters and they'll probably all give you a similar answer. Ask the same 10 how they use choke and what their views are on.

**Step Two: Check Your Pattern ** Practical patterning takes place at whatever range you typically shoot your birds. Staple a 40-inch square sheet of paper to a backstop, retreat the appropriate distance, and shoot. Label the target with gun, choke, load, and distance, put up another piece of paper, trudge back to your gun and shoot at least. What distance should be used to pattern a shotgun Hunter Ed? There is only one way to know for sure what shot pattern to expect from a specific shotgun. Create a target from a 30-inch or larger piece of paper. Stand 40 yards away and point and shoot at the center of your target. Repeat this with different shotshell brands and different shot sizes

Speaking from a long experience working with shotgun barrels, certain circumstances prove that barrel length has an effect on pattern density and dispersal. Turkey hunting and turkey match shooting where maximum density patterns are desired will, when all else is equivalent, tend to group more tightly with a longer barrel such as 30 vs. 20 The shot pattern of this choke is much more spread out and the accuracy is more. It is mainly used for buckshot, birdshot and mostly for self-defense. It has an effective range of fewer than 25 yards and so it is mainly used for short-distance shooting. It tightens up the shot column by 0.010 inches and spreads quickly You can read about it here: Does a Long Barrel Tighten Up Patterns. Some folks wondered if the extra barrel length would add velocity to the shotgun loads. We had some discussion and some of had heard in the past the shotgun shells (usually loaded with pistol powders) would burn all their powder in the first 12 to 18 inches of barrel Shotgun patterns (to a first approximation) are really quite simple - on average they follow a 'bell-shaped' distribution as illustrated below.On average the pellet density in the centre is always (see caveat!) greater than at the edges of the pattern. The average pellet density gets progressively less dense as distance from the centre of the pattern increases (see why this is good) The shot pattern of a shotgun gradually expands as range increases. This makes it easier to hit a target, particularly one that is moving, out to a certain range. Hunters can tighten up the shot spread to a certain extent by using a choke, which is a constriction on the muzzle of the shotgun

How to Pattern a Shotgun - CHUCKHAWKS

The Mossberg 590 AOW features a barrel length of 10.25 inches, which is about as short as it gets for a 12-gauge shotgun. Next up was the non-NFA Mossberg Shockwave, which features a 14-inch barrel So how are buckshot patterns affected by distance and barrel length? We headed out to the range to find out with three representative shotguns. The first was a Mossberg 590A1 with 14-inch barrel, rifle sights and a Davis speed-feed stock. This shotgun is a version of what the NYPD highway officers carry Your shot placement is still important, but 3 1/2 shells will deliver more pellets in a wider pattern at close range or a maintaining density at longer distances. Now, if you've got lots of money and appreciate shotguns with shorter receivers, or if you want to hunt with an older shotgun, you can always go to Bismuth or a Tungsten alloy or. Target Distance. Lastly, you won't always be breaking clays at roughly 15-25 yds (skeet) or 25-35 yds (trap). Those games lend themselves to fairly fixed choke and shot selections. Skeet tends to get shot with #9 through skeet chokes. Trap is typically shot with an improved cylinder or modified choke Effective range is the distance at which the shot pattern remains viable to kill a target effectively (whether that be a clay target or a game bird). Although there are differences in the UK and US designations, neither of them would be classed as tight chokes and therefore are more effective at shorter distances

What are shotgun patterns? Patterns are normally expressed with a name such as improved cylinder or as a percentage such as 50%. The patterns are always assumed to be measured at a distance of 40 yards. The exceptions to this are cylinder bore and skeet 1 chokes in all gauges and .410 bore shotguns in all choke sizes. These are measured at a. Full - For delivering maximum patterns at distance, go with the full choke, which depending on the load, can deliver an ideal range between 55 to 65 yards. While these ranges can be general suggestions depending on the size and even brand of shot you using The full choke is the tightest of the standard shotgun chokes, meaning that it results in the most dense pattern of shot. As such, full choke is mostly used for long-range shooting (40 or more yards), where the denser pattern keeps the shot column together longer. At close ranges, the full choke will not only make it harder to hit your target.

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Understanding Different 12-Gauge Shotgun Load Types

For No. 6 shot, the maximum distance at which that energy remains is 40 to 42 yards. No. 5 shot will gain you a couple yards and No. 4 a couple more, but only if the pattern density is there. It may well take several shots of each keeper load to clearly see which one consistently prints more hits The goal is to obtain the proper constriction for the densest shot pattern without a lot of stray pellets. With the 12-gauge Beretta A400 Xtreme test shotgun, using a JEBs .655 choke, shooting Winchester Long Beard XR 3.5, 2-ounce, #6 shot - the target displayed 90% of the shot in a 20 circle and 55-60% of the shot in the 10 circle. Trap guns have evolved rapidly over the past few decades. When I started competitive shooting almost 50 years ago, an adjustable stock was dependent on how much moleskin you could affix to the comb. Adjusting the impact of the barrel usually involved a fork in a large tree or giving the barrel a few strong whacks over several bags of shot on the tailgate of a pickup truck Truth is any specified distance is arbitrary, even if nominal. What we care about is effective pattern density, not percentage. You can certainly make a case for patterning a .410 beyond 25 yds, depending on load selected. Eg., RP 3 in #6 gave me a 67% pattern at 40 yds through a 0.016 full M-42 barrel Regardless of which type of shotgunning you prefer, knowing how your gun patterns with different choke tubes and loads can boost your odds of success. Patterning a shotgun, though, requires a safe, convenient place for testing. Recently, a turkey hunting buddy and my two sons were wishing for a permanent place to pattern their shotguns

If you pumped that shell up to 1330 fps, your time to distance would be .129 and you lead would be 6.6 feet, .8 feet or about 10″ less than the lead with a 1135 load. Ten inches probably does matter. Best regards, Bruce Buck The Technoid writing for Shotgun Report, LL What Is A Shotgun Choke? A choke is simply a tapered constriction of the gun barrel's bore at the muzzle end. The exit end of the choke is smaller by some dimension than the actual bore of the barrel. This difference is the amount of constriction. For example if the bore of the barrel is .730 and the exit dia of the choke is .710 you have a constriction of .020 Our patterns automatically tend to look better at 40 yards using #6 shot vs. #5 shot, assuming the same payload just because we have quite a few more pellets to work with. No. 6 shot has about 222 pellets to the ounce while No. 5 shot has about 171 pellets to the ounce. Out to 40 yards, #6 shot is perfectly adequate Defensive shotguns, whether for use in the home, on the road or for law enforcement use, are some of the most versatile guns ever developed. My first defensive shotgun was a Remington 1100 auto. Double the distance and I still managed six pellets on the four-inch bullseye, however much of the pattern had spread beyond the target by then. No. 7 ½ shot loads have more pellets, but they are.

At what distance should you pattern a shotgun? Remember the distance to be used to pattern a shotgun; the accepted standard is 40 yards. However, some people would recommend 35 yards depending on you. But if you are a beginner, it's best to follow the standard In general terms, #9 shot has a maximum range of about 175 yards and OO buckshot has a maximum range of about 748 yards. However, maximum range does not equate to EFFECTIVE range. These distances only describe how far the shot column can travel. If engaging a game animal or felonious assailant, the distances must be much shorter When a shotgun is alleged to have been used, the pellet spread (multiple projectiles) pattern on an object or a victim's outermost garment may be examined to determine an approximate muzzle-to-target distance. A mass of shot can begin to spread at approximately 9'-10', and individual pellets (flyers) may break off from the main mass

How To Pattern A Shotgun (Proper Distance And Technique

How to move the sites and adjust the shot pattern of your shotgun: Windage is the distance right or left of the point of impact in relation to the intended target. If your shot pattern is hitting the left side of the bull's eye and your shotgun is equipped with an adjustable rear sight, move it opposite to the direction of the point of impact On the moving target the loads were worse; in several cases they string shot sufficiently at 40 yards that the most dense area of some patterns was a patchy 45 percent. In other words, the hunter who fired that load at a pheasant under the impression he was using a full choke was, on a crossing bird at 40 yards, actually getting closer to.

Shotgun Pattern Testing - FirearmsID

The modified choke is the most popular, and most versatile choke for the 20 gauge shotgun. Modified chokes provide moderate constriction providing pattern densities designed to hit targets at medium ranges of about 15 to 35 yards Shotguns are also capable of firing a single projectile, Wad slugs have accuracy at a distance range of about 75 yards (70 meters), which puts them in the same category as the Foster slug. Traditional sabots can be accurate at greater distances. Wad slugs are also crimped with a fold at the end, making them easier to hand reload using a. Here's what's happening: The best patterning loads are between 1145 - 1250 feet per second (FPS). The worst are ones that exceed 1350, and the new hunting loads that exceed 1400 are outright worthless

Choke Tube Chart with Size and Constriction Table - Choke

The Flight Control Wad is well known for giving very tight patterns in most shotguns. The IC was a 4 inch group and the Full was a 4 1/2 inch group. Not really any appreciable difference, but both were very tight patterns, just as expected. Conclusions: In some cases the Full choke tightened up the groups slightly, but not as much as one might. One kill shot should be all it takes when spring turkey hunting. Most turkey camps I've visited around the country inevitably involve a supper table debate about the best shotgun range for dropping a spring gobbler. My generic answer: 20-35 yards. The payload stays baseball tight with shots taken at under 20 steps, and misses are more likely, especially with that serpentine turkey head juking.

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Barrel length can actually be a part of the equation that destroys your pattern. There is a mechanical resonance of the shot, put in motion by the short forcing cone of all inexpensive shotguns, that will scatter the shot if the barrel length is wrong, Most beginning shotgunners will walk away disgusted because they can't hit anything Keep in mind that stated lengths for shotgun shells are for their post-fired state. Pre-fired, they're a bit different. ie: 2 3/4″ shells open to 2 3/4″ when fired, but before firing, their OAL is around 2.2-2.3″. Slugs that use a roll crimp can be a bit longer and variance between manufacturers is...generous Patterning can be an eye-opening experience and put you on the path to dropping more birds. Patterns are traditionally shot at 40 yards, which is an arbitrary distance, and measured in a 30-inch circle, which is not arbitrary at all, but represents the useful width of a shot pattern 12ga Buckshot Pattern Testing Protocol. The typical way to determine whether the characteristics of a given buckshot load are favorable is to pattern the shot at different ranges. What that means is to simply fire single shots of the chosen load a target at various distances and measure the size of the resulting shot pattern A choke is classified by the number of pellets, calculated as a percentage of the total number in the cartridge, which fall in a 30 circle, the effective pattern, at a distance of 40 yards from the muzzle