Antenatal care 7 Early registration 9 Detection of pregnancy 10 Number and timing of visits 10 Seek help for early registration and antenatal check-up 10 Estimate the number of pregnancies in your area 11 Keep a track of all pregnant women by name 12 Record keeping 13 Antenatal check-up 13 Components of Antenatal Check-up 13 Care During Labour. Health Checks during antenatal visits. Periodic checks during the antenatal period along with blood and urine tests, help in monitoring the pregnancy and ensure safety of the mother and the baby 4. Schedule For Antenatal Visits in India Monthly up to 28 weeks Two weekly between 28 and 36 weeks Weekly 36 weeks onwards. (This equals about 15 visits) High-risk cases more frequent visits 5 Antenatal Care Schedule: hospital-led care Uncontrolled document when printed Published: 27/07/2020 Page 3 of 6 4.2 Standardised Content Table 2 summarises the clinical and educational content to be covered at each visit, with the aim of standardising the care provided
In 2000, the Brazilian antenatal care programme known as Program for Humanization of Prenatal and Childbirth Care which increased the standard minimum visits from four to six, and also providing impetus to a wider coverage and greater access to antenatal care (Silva et al., 2005) Antenatal care (ANC) coverage is a success story in Africa,since over two-thirds of pregnant women (69 percent) have at least one ANC contact.However,to achieve the full life-saving potential that ANC promises for women and babies, four visits providing essential evidence based interventions - a package ofte We examined the utilisation, equity and determinants of full antenatal care (ANC), defined as 4 or more antenatal visits, at least one tetanus toxoid (TT) injection and consumption of iron folic acid (IFA) for a minimum of 100 days, in India Early registration of every pregnancy within 12 weeks, followed by regular antenatal care visits till term should be ensured. Information to pregnant women would need to focus on early reporting to a health facility at the first signs of pregnancy complications such as preterm uterine contractions, premature rupture of membranes and symptoms of.
As per Figure 1 on mothers who had at least four antenatal care visits, it shows that there are 49 per cent among the Scheduled Caste and 46 per cent among the Scheduled Tribes and also 48 per cent among the Other Backward Classes and 61 per cent among General have used antenatal care visit in the past 5 years. These findings suggest. Antenatal care (ANC) reduces adverse health outcomes for both mother and baby during pregnancy and childbirth. The present study investigated the enablers and barriers to ANC service use among Indian women. The study used data on 183,091 women from the 2015-2016 India Demographic and Health Survey. Making high-quality health care available to all women during pregnancy is a critical strategy for improving perinatal outcomes for mothers and babies everywhere. Research from high-income countries suggests that antenatal care delivered in a group may be an effective way to improve the provision, experiences, and outcomes of care for pregnant women and newborns In the statistical model, 6% (95% CI: 4-8%) of the neonatal deaths in India could be attributed to a lack of at least two TT injections during pregnancy. Indian public health programmes must ensure that every pregnant woman receives two or more TT injections during antenatal visits Appendix D: Antenatal appointments (schedule and content)  The schedule below, which has been determined by the purpose of each appointment, presents the recommended number of antenatal care appointments for women who are healthy and whose pregnancies remain uncomplicated in the antenatal period: 10 appointments for nulliparous women and 7 for parous women
Similar association was found in a study conducted in 90 districts of various states in India, which showed that 43.7% illiterate mothers had three or more antenatal visits and 37.1% had utilized. . In order to get a healthy baby, and have a healthy pregnancy it's very important that your antenatal care doctor is quite experienced. Apart from this, there are a few other factors which can help you select a doctor for antenatal care women would need to visit health care every 4-6 weeks of pregnancy until 28 weeks of gestation and there after every week until the baby is delivered (usually at 40 weeks). Women receiving late timings or low frequency of pregnancy Frequency and Timing of Antenatal Care Visits and Its Impact on Neonatal Mortality in EAG States of India
ANTENATAL CHECK-UP Get your Hb, Blood pressure(BP), urine, weight and abdomen checked at every visit. Ensure that you receive IFA tablets and two doses of Inj. Tetanus Toxoid (TT). Always consult your MO if necessary or referred. Get urine tested for albumin and sugar. Get your weight checked. (Average weight gain during pregnancy is 9 -11 kg) The WHO recommends that all pregnant women should avail at least four antenatal visits, with the first antenatal visit preferably in the first trimester . In India, the Government guidelines on maternal health recommend, among other things, that every pregnant woman must have at least three antenatal visits and that the first visit is. Fourth visit - 6 weeks after delivery There should be three additional visits in the case of babies with low birth weight, on days 14, 21 and 28 (as per the Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness [IMNCI] guidelines). Components of Post natal check-u
As given in Table 1, of the 4912 women who gave birth in last 12 months, 6.8% participated in at least 4 ANC visits during their pregnancy, 62.9% had institutional delivery and 12.6% were using any modern method of family planning during the time of survey.Women belonging to General Caste were more likely to participate in at least four ANC compared to women belonging to other caste categories. The indicators of antenatal care (at least one visit and at least four visits) are based on standard questions that ask if and how many times the health of the woman was checked during pregnancy. This is because the key national-level household surveys do not collect information on type of provider for each visit You'll have a number of antenatal appointments during your pregnancy, and you'll see a midwife or sometimes an obstetrician (doctor specialising in pregnancy). They'll check the health of you and your baby, give you useful information and answer any questions. Pregnant employees have the right to paid time off for antenatal care
The antenatal care for uncomplicated pregnancies: schedule of appointments path for the antenatal care for uncomplicated pregnancies pathway. A-Z Topics Latest A. Abdominal aortic aneurysm; Abortion care; Accident prevention (see unintentional injuries among under-15s) Acute coronary syndromes: early management. Antenatal care (ANC) utilization rate in Nigeria (a lower-middle income country) is quite low, about 61% of pregnant women visited a skilled provider at least once during their pregnancy compared with the documented average of 79% for all lower-middle income countries [1, 2].ANC enables effective management of pre-natal morbidities, and may facilitate institutional delivery and postpartum care.
In Andhra Pradesh, 70 percent of women exclusively breastfeed, 76 percent of women had at least 4 antenatal care (ANC) visits during pregnancy, and only 65 percent of children are fully vaccinated. Quality of antenatal care services and completion of four or more antenatal care visits in Ethiopia: A finding based on a demographic and health survey.pdf Available via license: CC BY Content may. Antenatal care is the systemic supervision of women during pregnancy to monitor the progress of foetal growth and to ascertain the well-being of the mother and the foetus. A proper antenatal check-up provides necessary care to the mother and helps identify any complications of pregnancy such as anaemia, pre-eclampsia and hypertension etc. in the mother and slow/inadequate growth of the foetus
A combined measure of optimal antenatal care can provide more information on the role it plays in maternal health. Our objectives were to investigate the determinants of a measure of optimal antenatal care and the associated pregnancy outcomes. Data on 7,557 women taken from the 2004 Demographic and Health Survey in Cameroon were used to develop a new measurement of optimal antenatal care. Only 16.7 percent women in rural India received full antenatal care - at least four ANC visits, at least one tetanus toxoid injection, and iron and folic acid tablets or syrup taken for 100 or more days - about half as many as in urban areas (31.1 percent), NFHS-4 data show The recommendations include a schedule for the timing and content of the eight antenatal care visits that should begin in the first trimester of pregnancy. Antenatal care is a critical opportunity for health providers to deliver care, support and information to pregnant women Karnataka State continues to have the highest rates of maternal mortality in south India at 144/100,000 live births, but lower than the national estimates of 190-220/100,000 live births. Various barriers exist to timely and appropriate utilization of services during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum. This study aimed to describe the patterns and determinants of routine and emergency. The National Guidelines for Antenatal Care are timely as the World Health Organization (WHO) released the . WHO recommendations on antenatal care for a positive pregnancy experience. in 2016. 1. WHO recommends at least eight contacts during the antenatal period to prevent, detect, and manage potential problems and thus reduce th
Prenatal care, also known as antenatal care, is a type of preventive healthcare.It is provided in the form of medical checkups, consisting of recommendations on managing a healthy lifestyle and the provision of medical information such as maternal physiological changes in pregnancy, biological changes, and prenatal nutrition including prenatal vitamins, which prevents potential health problems. Current use of antenatal care. Table 2 shows the number of antenatal care visits that the women had for their most recent live birth in the five years preceding the DHS survey in the six selected countries. Countries like Indonesia and Philippines have relatively high level of ANC coverage as compared to the other study countries INDIA Of the 10 elements of care recommended by WHO for improved preterm birth outcomes, antenatal corticosteroids, tocolytics, magnesium sulfate, and kangaroo mother care are currently included in India's clinical standards of preterm care at the hospital level. See Definitions and Data Sources for full list of recommended elements OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to evaluate the use of individual components of antenatal care (ANC) services by pregnant women across India in addition to counting of ANC visits and then analyze differences according to state, socioeconomic condition, and access to health care services. METHODS: The study used a nationally representative.
2016 WHO Antenatal Care Guidelines: Malaria in Pregnancy Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 1 March 2018 www.mcsprogram.org Introduction In 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) published Recommendations on Antenatal Care for a Positive Pregnancy Experience (WHO 2016), which outlines a new set of evidence-based global guidelines on recommended content and scheduling for antenatal care (ANC) .2. Maternal and Child Health Care including family planning: a) Antenatal care: i) Early registration of all pregnancies ideally in the first trimester (before 12th week of pregnancy). However, even if a woman comes late in her pregnancy for registration she should be registered and care given to her according to gestational age Data from the District Level Household Survey (2002) conducted by the Reproductive and Child Health Project in India has been used to examine the impact of utilization of antenatal care services on improvement in maternal health in rural areas of Uttar Pradesh, India Antenatal care (ANC) reduces adverse health outcomes for both mother and baby during pregnancy and childbirth. The present study investigated the enablers and barriers to ANC service use among Indian women. The study used data on 183,091 women from the 2015-2016 India Demographic and Health Survey. Multivariate multinomial logistic regression models (using generalised linear latent and mixed.
For a healthy and enjoyable pregnancy, following the prenatal check up and testing schedule is crucial. Let it be the regular pregnancy check up visit or doing several pregnancy ultrasound scans to check the health of the baby, it is important to follow the schedule for your and your growing baby's health Conclusion: ANC visit increases with employment status , good knowledge positive attitude high family income, and strong husband support. ANC visit decreases with large number of children. Community health center has strong contextual effect on ANC visit in pregnant women. Keywords: antenatal care, determinants, pregnant wome If you have a low-risk pregnancy, midwives will do most of your antenatal care. Some midwives work mostly in hospitals. Others, called community midwives, work mainly in doctors' surgeries, health centres and children's centres, as well as seeing women at home
Background. Antenatal care (ANC) services for pregnant women by skilled health providers improve maternal and child health outcomes. 1 It is one of the most important interventions in combating maternal and newborn mortality and in achieving the Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5. 2 Women attending ANC visits should receive sufficient evidence-based clinical interventions, such as tetanus. Despite efforts to achieve the SDGs, the MMR in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was 693 per 100,000 in 2015—the sixth highest in the world and higher than the average (547 per 100,000) of sub-Saharan Africa. Objectives: The primary aim was to identify effect factors of 4 + antenatal care (ANC) of the maternal and child health care (MCH. Introduction The main strategy for decreasing maternal morbidity and mortality has been antenatal care (ANC). ANC aims to monitor and maintain the health and safety of the mother and the fetus, detect all complications of pregnancy and take the necessary actions, respond to complaints, prepare for birth, and promote a healthy lifestyle. This study aims to analyze interregional disparities in.
BACKGROUND: In India, tobacco use during pregnancy is not routinely addressed during antenatal care. We measured the association between tobacco use and anemia in low-income pregnant women, and identified ways to integrate tobacco cessation into existing antenatal care at primary health centers (See COVID-19: Pregnancy issues and antenatal care, section on 'Prenatal care'.) FREQUENCY OF PRENATAL VISITS. Observational data suggest that prenatal care saves lives and show an association between the number of prenatal visits and/or early gestational age at the initiation of care and pregnancy outcomes, after controlling for confounding. proportions of women in India who received at least three antenatal visits for their last pregnancy and medical assis-tance at delivery increased between 1992 and 2006, from 44% to 51% and from 35% to 49%, respectively;12 how-ever, the rich-poor ratio (i.e., the ratio of the richest to the poorest wealth quintile) for use of antenatal care remaine For low - risk p re g nancie s, it is acceptable to adjust the prenatal visit to align with the WHO Antenatal Care Model (2016), SOGC COVID-19 guidelines, Interim Nova Scotia Guidelines, and American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology MFM Guidance fo The study confirmed the significant association of antenatal visit dropout with respondents education (OR= 2.22, 95% CI= 1.264-3.917), economic status (OR= 2.37, 95% CI= 1.264-4.462, dissatisfaction with the health service provided at public health facilities (OR=17.48, 95% CI=8.764-34.88), dissatisfaction with the information provided during.
The film describes the 4 standard antenatal visits (FANC, introduced in by WHO in 2002). Each visit involves history taking, examination, tests and interventions, and also giving information. This film forms part of a growing set of films on Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care for skilled health workers 3 21.10.20 4.1: Reference made to further information about safely providing virtual consultations, which can be found in the RCM's briefing and the accompanying poster. 3 21.10.20 4.1: Recommendations modified and added: • The NICE Schedule of Antenatal Care should be maintained in its entirety India - Key Indicators. Indicators NFHS-4 (2015-16) NFHS-3 (2005-06) Maternal and Child Health Urban Rural Total Total Maternity Care (for last birth in the 5 years before the survey) 32. Mothers who had antenatal check-up in the first trimester (%) 69.1 54.2 58.6 43.9 33 Societal cost of antenatal care in Rwanda. Adding up health facility and household costs, the societal cost of antenatal care was estimated to equal $160 per package of four visits in the private health facility and $44 in public health facilities (Table 4).The first visit cost $21 in public health facilities, considerably more than the following three visits ($6 - $11) Early initiation of antenatal care visits is an essential component of services to improving maternal and new born health. The Cameroonian Demographic and Health Survey conducted in 2011 indicated that only 34% of pregnant women start antenatal care in the first trimester. However, detailed study to identify factors associated with late initiation of care has not been conducted in Cameroon
. 8 These gaps in the coverage of essential maternal health care services are a barrier that impedes India's progress toward attaining MMR. Uganda has one of the highest maternal deaths at a ratio of 336 per 100,000 live births. As Uganda strives to achieve sustainable development goals, appropriate antenatal care is key to reduction of maternal mortality. We explored women's reported receipt of seven of the Uganda guidelines components of antenatal care, and associated factors in hard to reach Lake Victoria island fishing. T/ARV AR visits) Monthly 4 at-least (ensure Care Antenatal l Centers. T AR at prophylaxis termination medical or continuation of choices on Counselling l of months 3 first the within e tak under (MTP) to pregnancy . only pregnancy OIs. other and TB for Screening l STIs. for treatment and Screening l testing Only one fifth of mothers utilised full antenatal care and more than 60% of women did not utilise 4 ANC visits which is least expected from mothers residing in urban India, as the WHO has recommended a minimum of 8 visits of Ante-natal care, consumption of 100 and above IFA tablets, which was also found lower among these mothers because two.
Antenatal care schedule . This document should be read in conjunction with the Disclaimer. Antenatal care schedule . • Offer Chlamydia screening to all woman at the first antenatal visit, however screening is recommended for women with increased risk of sexually transmitted infection (STI) This measure indicates the percent of women with a live birth who received antenatal care (ANC) 4 or more times. As COVID-19 strains our health systems, primary health care is a key part of pandemic preparedness and response and is the foundation of recovery. Antenatal care coverage (4+ visits) This measure indicates the percent of women. antenatal care (Birmeta, Dibaba . et al. 2013). Most of the women 85% knew about the benefits in terms of antenatal care and had sufficient knowledge about the importance of antenatal care. Majority of pregnant women visited 58% regularly antenatal care 56% booked in the first trimester for provision (Onasoga . et al., 2012)
Antenatal care is the care that you receive from healthcare professionals during your pregnancy. It Routine antenatal care for healthy pregnant women You should have a chance to discuss the schedule with them. A brief guide to what usually happens at each antenatal appointment is in What should happen at the appointments Your care during pregnancy Antenatal visits. Your antenatal visits are a great way to learn how your baby is growing and what is happening to your body. Due to COVID-19, prenatal visits might be different. Some doctors and midwives are using telehealth to see pregnant women. More information: COVID-19: information for pregnant and breastfeeding. India National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) 2005-06 Volume I International Institute for Population Sciences Deonar, Mumbai 400 088 Ministry of Health an
Aim: To examine the pattern of antenatal care services (ANC) utilization in Baptist Medical Centre, Ogbomoso, a mission hospital with a focus on individual, family, religious and socio-economic factors affecting ANC utilisation. Study Design: The study was a cross-sectional prospective study. Place and duration of the study: The study was conducted among antenatal care seekers who attended. India has little more than 50 per cent of antenatal care coverage. So in order to face the issue of premature births, low birth weight babies and stillbirths, the first aspect is to increase. Cultural beliefs and practices, impoverishment, weak governance, limited and low-quality health infrastructure, conflicts, disasters and inequities are factors that impede access to and utilisation of maternal health services in the sub-Saharan Africa.4 5 In Ethiopia, the proportion of pregnant women who have at least one antenatal care visit. Every pregnant woman should take good care of herself during pregnancy, as they are responsible for not just one, but two people. That is why we want to tell you about antenatal care. In this article, you will find out the antenatal care definition, when to start antenatal care and what to expect from your first visit. Let's get into it
Your GP or midwife will give you an appointment plan during your first antenatal visit. If this is not your first pregnancy, you'll probably have 7-9 appointments if you had an uncomplicated pregnancy before. The number of visits can change depending on whether your pregnancy becomes complicated During the last 15 years, access to skilled care during delivery and antenatal care (ANC) coverage, measured as the proportion of women who receive one to four or more ANC visits during their pregnancy, have been used by countries and international initiatives to track progress towards achieving MDG5. 2, 8, 9 Coverage of ANC has significantly.
India - Key Indicators. Indicators NFHS-4 (2015-16) NFHS-3 (2005-06) Maternal and Child Health Urban Rural Total Total Maternity Care (for last birth in the 5 years before the survey) 32. Mothers who had antenatal check-up in the first trimester (%) 69.1 54.2 58.6 43.9 33 Mean differences across districts with 50%+ LMOs compared to less than 50% LMOs showed higher maternal and child health care utilization outcomes for the former, with higher 4+ antenatal care visits (72.4% vs 62.9%, p = 0.001), skilled birth attendance (91.9% vs 82.5%, p = 0.0002), postnatal care for women (72.6% vs 65.2%, p = 0.008) and full. Timing of Antenatal care booking is one of the basic components of antenatal care services; that helps to early detection, managing, and prevention of problems during the pregnancy and helps the mother to receive full packages of antenatal care services. However, in the world including Ethiopia, significant numbers of pregnant mothers were not booking the follow up on the recommended time
5.3 Four or More Antenatal Care Visits 29 5.4 Models Predicting Extensive Use of Antenatal Care 30 6 Discussion 35 6.1 Overall Analytical Findings 35 India (Chacko, 2001; Stephenson and Tsui, 2002), and Nigeria (Kritz et al., 2000). Th ese studies have found that regional diﬀ er-ences in aggregate measures of the position of women produce. Four follow-up visits should be scheduled at 20, 26, 32 and 38 weeks' gestation. Specific times are scheduled for performing repeat routine tests such as Hb, HIV and RPR, and these times coincide with specific routine follow-up visits Global Group Antenatal Care Collaborative Definition of Group Antenatal Care in Low‐ and Middle‐Income Countries a a After the first (individual) antenatal care visit, some of or all subsequent antenatal care visits are replaced by a series of group visits (ie, meetings) for pregnant women and at least one trained facilitator. Each visit or. Findings Coverage of antenatal care services was quite high with 84% of the women having attended at least three antenatal care visits. However, the quality of antenatal care services was better in the non-tribal district compared to the two tribal districts. Most of the antenatal care visits occurred in public services, with higher proportions in the tribal districts Health Health 1949-4998 Scientific Research Publishing 10.4236/health.2013.55114 Health-31925 Articles Medicine&Healthcare Estimating the impact of antenatal care visits on institutional delivery in India: A propensity score matching analysis riyanka Dixit 1 * Laxmi Kant Dwivedi 2 1 Faujdar Ram 1 Department of Mathematical Demography & Statistics, International Institute for Population.
Of the 633 admissions during the pandemic, 206 (32.5%) pregnant women had fewer antenatal visits than advised. Many women avoided routine checkups during the strict lockdown for at least 3 months, from March to May 2020. In addition, of all admissions, 28 (4.42%) women had no antenatal visits (Table 2). This resulted in missing a significant. Antenatal care services. According to the guidelines from the government of India, a minimum of four ANCs including early registration and first ANC in the first trimester along with physical and abdominal examinations, haemoglobin (Hb) estimation and urine investigation, two doses of tetanus toxoid (TT) immunization and consumption of iron folic acid (IFA) tablets (6 months during ANC and 6.
Antenatal Care (ANC) visits is an example of such count data with excess zeros. By and large, ANC utilisation serves as an indicator for assessing the proportion of pregnant women who received ANC from a healthcare provider at least once and/or at least four times recommended during pregnancy (WHO, 2013) Health: Pregnancy Passport allows for personal documentation of a woman's visits to her care provider(s) and contains a list of resources for further information. The Woman's Health: Pregnancy Passport complements the book, Baby's Best Chance Parents Handbook of Pregnancy and Baby Care.1 Support provided by th Standard elements of prenatal care include a routine physical examination (including pelvic examination) at the initial visit, maternal weight and blood pressure at all visits, fetal heart rate. This study used data from the National Family Health Survey‐4 (2015-2016). Separate logistic regression models were fitted for four or more antenatal care visits, skilled birth attendance and postnatal care to understand the effects of 4Es on the utilization of maternal health care services in India
visit. Ultrasound is recommended at the initial prenatal visit for all pregnant women to determine gestational age and identify multiple gestations, and will be available at all KPWA primary care clinics by the end of 2018. Previously, ultrasound was not available at all KPWA primary care clinics, so some wome Reviews report that CCTs have had variable effects across countries.2-4 For example, in Honduras there was a 19% increase in pregnant women having at least five antenatal care (ANC) visits, but. Prenatal care is an important part of a healthy pregnancy, especially as your due date approaches. Your health care provider might ask you to schedule prenatal care appointments during your third trimester about every 2 or 4 weeks, depending on your health and pregnancy history. Starting at 36 weeks, you'll need weekly checkups until you deliver Chaitanya Koneru, MD, earned her medical degree from The State of Tamil Nadu, Dr. MGR Medical University, in India. She completed her residency in Australia and further completed fellowship training in Family Medicine with the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP). Dr. Koneru worked for 10 years in Australia and gained experience in Emergency Medicine
preparing for home visits.' 2 22.5.20 4.1.1: Recommendations added: • Where services can support it, the NICE Schedule of Antenatal Care should be maintained in its entirety. • Services should review the ongoing impact of any changes to the schedule of appointments, through local governance procedures The study investigates the effect of wealth on maternal health care utilization in Ghana via its effect on Antenatal care use. Antenatal care serves as the initial point of contact of expectant mothers to maternal health care providers before delivery. The study is pivoted on the introduction of the free maternal health care policy in April 2005 in Ghana with the aim of reducing the financial. 4.1.1 Modifications to NICE Schedule of Antenatal Care for Low Risk women • The antenatal appointment schedule will need to evolve in light of the impact of the pandemic on staffing levels. • In areas where the spread of the pandemic is in earlier stages and staffing allows, all of th Mangalore, South India ISSN 0972-5997 Volume 8, Issue 2; Apr-Jun 2009 An Approach to Monitor and Initiate Community Led Actions for Antenatal Care in Rural India - A Pilot Study Authors Dongre AR, Deshmukh PR, Garg BS, Dr. Sushila Nayar School of Public Health, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sewagram - 442 102, India MATERNAL HEALTH QUALITY OF CARE LANDSCAPE IN INDIA MATHEMATICA POLICY R ESEARCH EXHIBITS Exhibit A.1. Increase in access: contraceptive prevalence in India, 1970-2010..A.3 Exhibit A.2. Increase in access: antenatal care among pregnant women in India, 1993-2006..A.3 Exhibit A.3 Neonatal mortality is one of the major public health problems throughout the world and most notably in developing countries. There exist inconclusive findings on the effect of antenatal care visits on neonatal death worldwide. Thus, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to reveal the pooled effect of antenatal care visits on neonatal death